A modeling study evaluated the potential deployment of full ITS capabilities in Cincinnati. The annualized life-cycle cost was estimated at $98.2 million.

Estimate of 100% ITS Deployment Cost in Cincinnati

Made Public Date


United States

Summary Information

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) conducted a study to explore the potential benefits and costs of fully deploying ITS operational strategies in large, medium, and small metropolitan areas. ITS deployment and operations were modeled for Seattle, Cincinnati, and Tucson, respectively. The strategies developed for Seattle and Cincinnati were based on 2003 traffic conditions while those for Tucson were based on traffic conditions forecast for 2025. The analysis considered a 25 year period. The annual costs to implement, operate, and maintain each system were adjusted to 2003 dollars. This summary report presents the findings of the Cincinnati ITS full deployment scenario.

ITS Strategies

Extracted from Table 1 in the source report, the details of the ITS strategies for the Cincinnati full-deployment scenario are presented below.

Arterial Traffic Management Systems Central Control Signal Coordination 1,700 intersections 100% of major and minor arterials
Emergency Vehicle Signal Preemption 1,850 intersections 100% of intersections
1,000 emergency vehicles 100% of emergency vehicles
Transit Vehicle Signal Priority 40 intersections 5% of urban intersections
30 transit vehicles 5% of fixed-route transit vehicles
Highway Advisory Radio 35 transceivers 100% of major arterial corridors
Dynamic Message Signs 20 locations 100% of major arterial corridors
Freeway Management Systems Central Control Ramp Metering 83 on-ramps 35% of on-ramps
Highway Advisory Radio 813 transceivers 70% of freeway miles
Dynamic Message Signs 65 locations 100% of urban freeway miles
Transit Management Systems Fixed Route Automated Scheduling and Automatic Vehicle Location 700 transit vehicles 100% fixed-route transit vehicles
Fixed Route Security Systems 700 transit vehicles 100%fixed–route transit vehicles
20 transit stations 100% of major transit transfer stations and park-and-ride locations
Incident Management System Incident Detection, Verification, Response, and Management 32 freeway service patrol vehicles 100% of freeway and expressway miles
Emergency Management Systems Emergency Vehicle Control Service 1,000 emergency vehicles 100% of emergency vehicles
Emergency Vehicle AVL 1,000 emergency vehicles 100% of emergency vehicles
Telemedicine 100 ambulances 100% ambulances
Electronic Payment Systems Electronic Transit Fare Payment 700 transit vehicles 100% of fixed-route transit vehicles
Traveler Information Telephone– and Web–Based Region-wide 40% market penetration
Traveler Information System
Kiosk–Based Traveler Information 10 kiosks 100% of major arterial at-grade rail crossings
Crash Prevention and Safety Railroad Crossing Monitoring Systems 40 rail crossings 10% of major arterial at–grade rail crossings
Commercial Vehicle Operations Weigh–in–Motion and Safety Information Exchange 4 check stations 100% of check stations
Combination Screening and Clearance–Credentials and Safety 4 check stations 40% market penetration
60,000 equipped commercial vehicles
Weather Mitigation Strategies Road Weather Information Systems 10 remote weather stations 100% of region
Advanced Traveler Information Systems One interface 100% of region
Work Zone Mitigation Strategies Work Zone Highway Advisory Radio 6 locations High priority locations
Work Zone Dynamic Message Signs 6 locations High priority locations
Work Zone Information Dissemination (Phone and Internet) One interface 100% of region
Work Zone Closed Circuit Cameras for Incident Management 12 locations High priority locations
Lane Merging Applications 8 locations 100% of major work zones
Alternative Route Management 30 intersections Routes paralleling work zone locations
Alternative Work Hours/ Contracting Techniques Region-wide policies 100% of major work zones
Supporting Deployments Traffic Management Center One 100% of region
Emergency Management One 100% of region
Information Service Provider Center One 100% of region
Traffic Surveillance - Closed Circuit Television 1,100 locations 100% of freeway, expressway, and urban arterial miles
Traffic Surveillance - Loop Detectors 2,245 locations 100% of freeway, expressway, and urban arterial miles

The table below, extracted from the source report (Table 5), shows the annual average life-cycle costs required to implement, operate, and maintain the ITS strategies identified above. The estimated annual cost was $98.2 million for the full ITS deployment and operations in the Cincinnati metropolitan area.



ITS Deployment Strategies
Life-cycle cost
(2003 Dollars)
Percentage of
total costs
Arterial management systems
$7.6 million
Freeway management systems
$4.3 million
Transit management systems
$3.5 million
Incident management systems
$6.4 million
Emergency management systems
$1.8 million
Electronic payment systems
$2.4 million
Traveler information
$2.2 million
Crash prevention and safety
$1.4 million
Commercial vehicle operations
$23.1 million
Supporting deployments
$45.4 million
Weather and work zone mitigation strategies
$0.9 million
Total costs
$98.2 million
Private sector costs
$22.4 million
Public sector costs
$75.8 million

The public sector was expected to fund 77.2 percent of the ITS strategies and the private sector 22.8 percent. The private sector funds were to be used to equip the commercial trucks to enable automated screening and clearance of the trucks at check stations.

One of the strategies identified was emergency management systems. Deployment data included the number of emergency vehicles and ambulances equipped with control service, automated vehicle location, and telemedicine. At full deployment, 100 emergency vehicles and 100 ambulances were estimated to be equipped with ITS devices. The annualized life-cycle costs of emergency management systems were estimated at $1.8 million for Cincinnati.



System Cost

See summary