This study presents findings from the 2019 Small Urban and Rural Transit Survey exploring the use and usefulness of ITS technologies deployed by small urban and rural transit providers, along with reasons why the technologies are or are not being used. The survey addresses challenges to deployment, the benefits of successful implementation, and sources of funding and technical support, including use of ITS Joint Program Office (JPO) resources. The survey was administered between September 9 –October 28, 2019, and achieved a 74 percent response rate, resulting in a final sample of 244 small urban and rural transit providers (107 small urban and 137 rural). The survey findings provide a more representative picture of ITS technologies deployed nationally by transit agencies, and a better understanding of the factors that affect deployment for smaller providers.
The General Accountability Offices (GAO)’s sampling methodology as well as the questionnaire were replicated to provide data comparable to the 2015 Small Urban and Rural Transit Provider Survey, with a few new questions related to Connected Vehicles (CV), Automated Vehicles (AV), and partnerships with private transportation providers. Small Urban Transit Providers were identified as recipients of Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA) Urbanized Area Formula Grants (49 U.S.C. 5307) with populations of 200,000 or fewer. Rural Transit Providers were identified as sub-recipients of the FTA’s Rural Area Formula Grants (49 U.S.C. 5307). The data was weighted to accurately reflect the distribution of small urban and rural transit providers within the population. The research team used the 2019 National Transit Database to identify the types of service offered by the small urban and rural transit agencies responding to the survey.