A Literature Review of Research on Bike Sharing, Car Sharing, Private Autonomous Cars and Other Transportation Technologies.
Transportation technologies, sharing economy, and teleactivities: Implications for built environment and travel
Information Technology (IT) especially the increasing ubiquity of smartphones and high-speed data access has enabled the rise of a number of new transportation paradigms. Most notably, app enabled transportation technologies are playing an increasingly important role in transportation systems. Examples of these app enabled transportation technologies include bike sharing, car sharing, Transportation Network Companies (TNCs), e-scooters, and more.
Due to their increasing presence app enabled transportation technologies have attracted significant research attention. To help assess what the consensus on these technologies has been, a research team conducted a literature review of these app enabled technologies. Specifically, the team reviewed research on:
From this study the research team found that certain technologies are effective at reducing vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and improving urban mobility. Notably:
In contrast certain technologies are likely to worsen congestion:
Finally, the team reported mixed/context-specific findings for e-scooters, ride sharing, and Maas technologies.