While Highly Automated Driving Systems (HADS) are expected to become increasingly common on roadways, there remain scenarios where human drivers may need to take over control under certain conditions. Using a virtual reality (VR) driving simulator, researchers studied key factors influencing driver performance and evaluated specific differences in driver performance during takeovers from HADS versus current manual driving. A total of 37 individuals participated in the VR simulator study and completed questionnaires to gauge attitudes about driving automation.
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