This study examined the implementation of road pricing programs in the Dallas/Fort Worth region, the Puget Sound region, the Minneapolis-St. Paul region, and the San Francisco Bay area. Experiences and implementation strategies were compared to identify common themes and lessons learned useful to other regions seeking to implement similar systems.
Road Pricing concepts were categorized as follows:
WHOLE FACILITY PRICING
- New toll roads, bridges, and tunnels
- Tolls on existing roads, bridges, and tunnels
- High-Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lanes (Managed by HOV lanes)
- Express toll lanes
- Cordon pricing
- Area pricing
- Vehicle-miles Traveled (VMT) Fees
In the United States, tolling on new highways is well understood and generally accepted by most people and elected officials. Road pricing, however, involves more than just flat tolling on highways to support financing of new infrastructure. It involves charging a fee to generate revenue, manage traffic congestion, or both. Fees can vary by time of day, vehicle type, roadway, lane, area, or the regional network being used.
This source report examined four successful regional programs where road pricing was adopted and included in long-range planning.
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