The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) published a compendium of advances and trends in emerging transit Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), reported as of 2006 (see Source). The FTA study cautions that sub-optimized implementations that do not make effective use of the supporting communication and processing infrastructures may turn out to be costlier. For example, onboard system integration has the potential for significant benefits to transit agencies and the riding public. However, the deployment of the supporting infrastructures (such as onboard networks, vehicle processors, wireless communications, and corporate databases) just to implement a limited functionality specified by an individual business unit begin to appear far less cost-effective than if the same supporting infrastructure is also used to support the deployment of a bundle of functionalities.
Based on the results of a high-level scan on the use and adoption of advanced technology by public transit agencies, the FTA study has reported that a video monitoring system may cost approximately $10,000 per vehicle (bus). The addition of other integrated systems such as automated passenger counters, event recorders, voice annunicators, and equipment health monitoring may only cost a few thousand dollars more, but increases the cost effectiveness of deploying the communication and computer processing infrastructure required to support the video monitoring system.
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A video monitoring system costs approximately $10,000 per vehicle.