The Integrated Vehicle Based Safety Systems (IVBSS) initiative aims to equip all new vehicles with advanced driver assistance systems that would help drivers avoid the most common types of deadly crashes.
Based on the U.S. DOT General Estimates System (GES) crash database, there were approximately 6,318,000 police-reported crashes in the United States in 2003. About 96 percent or 6,060,000 of these crashes involved at least one light vehicle (e.g., passenger cars, minivans, sport utility vehicles, and light pickup trucks). Heavy commercial trucks (gross vehicle weight ratio greater than 4,545 Kg) were involved in about 362,000 police reported crashes during the same period.
 Blincoe, L., A. Seay, E. Zaloshnja, T. Miller, E. Romano, S. Luchter, and R. Spicer (2002). The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000, DOT HS 809 446, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC.
 Wang, J.S., R.R. Knipling, and L.J. Blincoe (1999). The Dimensions of Motor Vehicle Crash Risk, Vol. 2, No.1, Journal of Transportation and Statistics, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Washington, DC.
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