Krechmer, D.,
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This report summarized recommendations from states, MPOs, and local agencies regarding the development of planning timelines to support connected vehicles deployments across the country. Technologies and potential impacts are identified as short-term (0 to 5 years), medium-term (5 to 20 years), or long-term (over 20 years) to help agencies incorporate these technologies into planning products, and improve decisions regarding O&M and the replacement or retirement of ITS assets.

A connected vehicle (CV) environment enables wireless communications among vehicles (vehicle-to-vehicle, or V2V), infrastructure (vehicle-to-infrastructure, or V2I), and mobile devices (sometimes called nomadic devices). Vehicles include light vehicles, trucks, motorcycles, and transit vehicles. Pedestrians or bicyclists can carry mobile (nomadic) devices, allowing vehicles and infrastructure to communicate with other CV participants and vice versa (vehicle-to-anything, or V2X).

To provide context to the expanding scope and relevance of connected and automated vehicle technology the authors referenced the results of a Delphi survey of transportation professionals which projected that on average, automated vehicle technology will be available in the United States by 2021 (with a two-year standard deviation), and that there will be a 20 percent penetration rate in the United States market by 2033 (with a six-year standard deviation).
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U.S. DOT Federal Highway Administration
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Effects on Intelligent Transportation Systems Planning and Deployment in a Connected Vehicle Environment
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