Define roles and responsibilities clearly in a public/private project to reduce delays.
Institutional lessons from a test of a wide-area network to communicate traffic conditions in the Seattle area.
The communication lessons learned during the SWIFT project were as follows:
- Ensure that the team members are capable and committed to the project from the onset. The evaluation team suggested that a team building experience or an independent system integrator may have helped different sides understand each other and pull together.
- Clearly define the roles of the team members in the project. All entities should agree on the course of action to be taken.
During the SWIFT project, confusion about responsibilities and roles affected the project development process. Early on, for instance, differences in how some organizations perceived their involvement in the SWIFT project caused some to view certain development activities as being a waste of time. Others didn’t understand and/or misinterpreted their role in the project, which did cause them to waste time. Some organizations viewed the SWIFT project as being a “research and development” project rather than a “demonstration” or actual implementation project. As a result, some organizations exhibited a greater sense of urgency in completing their assigned tasks, or in building the SWIFT system, than did others. Some team members eventually performed activities that were outside, or in addition to, their responsibilities when they started the project. This problem produced some hard feelings among the team members, but it was generally conceded that some “picked up the slack” for those who didn’t clearly understand their responsibilities and roles.
During the SWIFT project these differing expectations about roles and responsibilities caused project delays. Fortunately, good communications and commitment to the project minimized their impact. One critical organizational element was the weekly teleconference. This simple yet cost-effective method of managing and discussing the technical issues involved with the project was deemed by many of the SWIFT team members as a primary instrument of the project’s success. In particular, the SWIFT teleconferences enabled the representatives of each organization to keep abreast of the developmental status of the project, to brainstorm solutions to encountered problems, and to develop scheduling that would see the project through to the end. Others simply enjoyed the “camaraderie” that was exhibited by the teleconferences and felt that these discussions cemented their commitment to each other.
Author: Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC)
Published By: Washington State Department of Transportation
Source Date: 10/19/1998
EDL Number: 7404URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/7404.pdf
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